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Free read Blood in the Water ì PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Å The first definitive account of the infamous 1971 Attica prison uprising the state’s violent response and the victims' decades long uest for justice including information never released to the public published to coincide with the forty fifth anniversary Buses New York officials prosecuted only the prisoners and failed to provide necessary support to the hostage survivors or the families of any of the men who'd been killed Heather Ann Thompson sheds new light on one of the most important civil rights stories of the last century exploring every aspect of the uprising and its legacy from the perspectives of all of those involved in this forty five year fight for justice the prisoners the state officials the lawyers on both sides the state troopers and corrections officers and the families of the slain men. This is an absolutely astonishing book At first the pro prisoner point of view threw me off but the evidence is presented in a way that makes the case that the government killed most of the hostages through an ill conceived attack to retake the prison and then lied and covered up the evidence I can't imagine the research it took to create this book but she is as great of writer as she is a researcher The chapters leading up to the siege create a foreboding that was unparalleled in my non fiction reading experience Unfortunately the racism that created the circumstances which led to Attica still exists; this is no mere history book; it's a warning and a plea for change

review Ô PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ö Heather Ann Thompson

The first definitive account of the infamous 1971 Attica prison uprising the state’s violent response and the victims' decades long uest for justice including information never released to the public published to coincide with the forty fifth anniversary of this historic eventOn September 9 1971 nearly 1300 prisoners took over the Attica Correctional Facility in upstate New York to protest years of mistreatment Holding guards and civilian employees hostage during the four long days and nights that followed the inmates negotiated with state officials f. Just finished Heather Ann Thompson's Blood in the Water It is absolutely essential to understanding the history of prisons in the US and mass incarceration generally Professor Thompson spent a decade fighting for access to the long hidden records and painstakingly reviewing the evidence to find out what really happened Her investment in time blood sweat and tears has paid off for the reader45 years ago prisoners took over an exercise yard at Attica prison after months of having their complaints about insufficient food lack of medical care guard brutality ignored As negotiations with the prisoners were beginning to bear fruit the state agreed that virtually allof their complaints were legitimate Rockefeller decided to slaughter the prisoners to ensure he was viewed as tough on crime and to further his national political ambitions The casual racism behind this decision was explicitly approved by Nixon sitting in the Oval Office as we know because of his now famous taping systemOver the following decades New York State did whatever it could to obscure what happened and shift blame from itself to the prisoners Before a single body was examined the state announced that prisoners had eviscerated guards and castrated at least one of them cutting off his genitiles and stuffing them in his mouth Nothing of the sort occurred All of the guards killed in the end were slaughtered by law enforcement; none by prisonersAfter reviewing all of the events of the days during the uprising and the slaughter in the days after Thompson turns to the cover upwhich reached all the way to Governor and then Vice President Rockefeller She then turns to the tireless efforts of the men at Attica to gain legal redress for the harm done to them and then to the surviving guards' battle for an apology and compensationAt the end is a wonderful Epilogue discussing the impact not so much of the uprising itself on the course of history but the even bigger impact of the false narrative and cover up which followed the mass slaughter by the state in the aftermathThe book was so fascinating that I kept going all the way through the acknowledgments A pretty comprehensive list including illustrious scholars like Michele Alexander and Toussaint Losier; and my great friend Shaena Fazal Buried in the middle was mention of Alan Mills If this is me I do not belong in this esteemed crowd and had nothing to do with the bookbut am so honored to be included WowAnyway read the book Attica; Fight Back

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Blood in the WaterOr improved living conditions On September 13 the state abruptly ended talks and sent hundreds of heavily armed state troopers and corrections officers to retake the prison by force In the ensuing gunfire thirty nine men were killed hostages as well as prisoners and close to one hundred were severely injured After the prison was secured troopers and officers brutally retaliated against the prisoners during the weeks that followed For decades afterward instead of charging any state employee who had committed murder or carried out egregious human rights a. On September 9 1971 the Attica Correctional Facility in upstate New York forced its way into newspaper headlines across the United States On that day roughly 1300 prisoners took control of the facility in response to years of mistreatment and harassment In American history there have been many violent protests that have led to the death or wounding of those who took part Whether they involved Native Americans Vietnam anti war demonstrators organized labor or Afro Americans the causes and results of these events were documented and analyzed carefully by historians In the case of Attica where 40 individuals prisoners and hostages were killed and hundreds wounded government officials placed immediate road blocks to thwart an objective investigation Government officials did not want the truth to come out particularly New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller and his administration because of errors in judgement and outright incompetence when hundreds of poorly trained New York State troopers and prison guards were sent into the facility with shotguns blazing The Rockefeller administration immediately put out misinformation about what occurred particularly when autopsies showed that the hostages were killed by indiscriminate gun fire and not by prisoners Coroners were pressured to bury the truth as were other officials who disagreed with prison administrators and Rockefeller and his cohorts It took many years to overcome the opposition to releasing what actually took place Finally historian Heather Ann Thompson in her comprehensive history BLOOD IN THE WATER THE ATTICA PRISON UPRISING OF 1971 AND ITS LEGACY has addressed all the major issues and individuals involved through her doggedness and refusal to accept no for an answer as she rummaged researched filed numerous freedom of information reuests interviewed participants and survivors in her uest to uncover the truth According to Thompson the gap in the historiography pertaining to Attica existed because of the obstruction by those who knew what really occurred and were concerned with the backlash that would result if the truth came to the fore Part of that truth were the conditions that existed in Attica as well as many other prisons nationwide Thompson describes a system overseen by Attica’s Superintendent Vincent Mancusi that suffered from overcrowding lack of medical care poor training of correctional officers using prisoners as free labor to the tune of 12 million per year no visitation for common law families which effected one uarter of the inmate population a capricious and arbitrary parole system censorship of reading material and letters medical experiments and an overall atmosphere of racism The prison itself was built in 1930 and by 1971 its facilities had never been updated to accommodate an increasing number of prisoners whose racial makeup was no longer predominantly white and the crimes they were incarcerated for did not fit the patina of the 1930sThompson’s book is very disturbing and the events of September 1971 were greatly affected by the political climate of the 1960s At that time politicians moved toward “law and order” planks as demonstrated by the Nixon administration in 1968 and as the 1972 election moved closer The “law and order” approach greatly affected the funding and operation of America’s prisons As politicians in the north and south saw crime as the greatest problem in society they decided to wage war against it This would lead to the imprisonment of inmates than in any country in the world In New York state Governor Rockefeller known as