The Defeat of Rome in the East: Crassus the Parthians and the Disastrous Battle of Carrhae 53 BC Free read ↠ 2

Review The Defeat of Rome in the East: Crassus, the Parthians, and the Disastrous Battle of Carrhae, 53 BC

The Defeat of Rome in the East: Crassus, the Parthians, and the Disastrous Battle of Carrhae, 53 BC Free read ↠ 2 Õ During the last stages of the Republic Rome suffered its greatest military disaster since Hannibal’s invasion of Italy over 150 years earlier though D to enhance his military stature with an invasion of the Parthian Empire centered on Mesopotamia today’s Ira His 36000 legionaries crossed the Euphrates and were met by a much smaller Parthian army albeit one mounted on horseback in the dispersed missile firing steppe war tradition Later called to a parlay he was forced to attend by his nearly mutinous soldiers Crassus and his officers were murdered by the Parthians The now leaderless Roman army disintegrated only some 6000 escaped to escape At least 20000 Roman legionarie. Gareth Sampson PhD is a professor of ancient history at the University of Manchester His book jacket blurb says he is involved in the study of the power struggles and civil warfare of the late Roman Republic and its expansionist policies in the East This book which is intended to be accessible for the general reader and the scholar reflects his knowledge of those subjects It provides many interesting details on the life of one of the most influential politicians and generals of the period who is nevertheless not remembered as much as his powerful peers Marcus Licinius Crassus never seems to have received the esteem he deserved He was possibly the most wealthy Roman who manipulated the Republic's complicated and dangerous political system with unmatched finesse while showing during several times of severe national peril his ability to lead an army However he had the bad luck of leading an army into one of the most devastating defeats Rome ever experienced; this humiliation against a much numerically inferior Parthian army is one reason ancient historians have not been kind to CrassusSampson begins his study of the events leading to the ultimate fate of Crassus with two book sections which trace the rise of Rome and Parthia two civilizations on the periphery of the Graeco Persian world who would come into conflict numerous times over hundreds of years The section on Rome's rise encompasses much of Rome's history in a few pages with descriptions of such city state defining moments as the Phyrric Ilyrian Macedonian Spartan Seluecid Achaean and Mithridatic Wars Much easy to digest detail on these important earlier Roman involvements is available here but I felt I was reading something from Ancient World 101 after a while I found the section on Parthia's rise easy to digest with its depiction of the warrior race of horsemen from the steppes of central Asia who formed an empire that would stretch from China's borders to beyond the Euphrates We learn that the region of Parthia situated west of the Caspian Sea and crossing the modern countries of Iran and Turkmenistan was originally populated by semi nomadic Scythian tribes; they were conuered by the First Persian Empire under Cyrus the Great Living on the edge of this great empire the Parthians and other neighboring races formed a satrapy which pledged provincial loyalty to Persia and would supply soldiers in various Persian military expeditions including the invasion of Greece under Xerxes about 480 BC Parthia would eventually become a vassal state on the northern edge of the Macedonian empire after the defeat of Darius III by Alexander the Great in 330 BC The Parthians would later find themselves living as underlords in the corners of the Seluecid empire Dynastic Parthian internal wars would eventually lead to the foundation of the Arsacid Dynasty which would provide leaders to Parthia for centuries Parthia would struggle for and obtain its independence lose it regain it again and become a super power in events which Sampson would describe in full detail Crassus' rise to power was facilitated by his drive to succeed and dominate which was ruthless even by Roman standards He shared the bad l

Gareth C. Sampson Ç 2 Summary

S were left dead on the field with 10000 captured The author also provides an analysis of the mysterious Parthians a people who vied with Rome as the most powerful empire on earth Though their polity and records have long since disappeared the Parthians’ mark on history is clear enough through their decisive victory over Rome at Carrhae In this book Dr Gareth Sampson currently a tutor in ancient history at the University of Manchester lays out not only the gruesome outcome of the battle but its immense conseuences on histor. El libro va más allá del estricto relato de la batalla de Carras Ofrece un buen análisis sobre la evolución del imperialismo parto y romano por ué llegaron a chocar y la influencia ue tuvo la situación interna de cada país en los hechos ue llevaron al célebre enfrentamientoTambié es interesante el enfoue de la batalla resalta los méritos del general parto Surenas para preparar una estrategia muy eficaz contra la poderosa mauinaria romana No se limita a centrarse en los errores de Craso al preparar la campaña ue suele ser el relato habitual

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The Defeat of Rome in the East Crassus the Parthians and the Disastrous Battle of Carrhae 53 BCDuring the last stages of the Republic Rome suffered its greatest military disaster since Hannibal’s invasion of Italy over 150 years earlier though this defeat had far reaching conseuences While Rome was able to recover from its disaster at Cannae it never retrieved the results of Carrhae a defeat that sealed the East as an impenetrable barrier to Roman ambition and also signaled the demise of the Republic In 53 BC Marcus Crassus the richest member of Rome’s ruling Triumvirate which also included Caesar and Pompey decide. We have so much information about Rome than we do about Parthia that it's great that Sampson even tried to write a balanced account He's also bending over backwards to be fair to Crassus which was different But this was much a military history than what I wanted which isn't fair As a military history it's pretty good and reasonably solidIf you don't know much about Carrhae and want to know this would be a terrific book as comprehensive and modern as you're likely to getI wanted about the ParthiansThere were a couple of unexamined things that made me roll my eyes the Greek cities of Mesopotamia were glad to be liberated by the Romans Oh really Because There's no evidence and this is just sloppy thinking I'd really like something that examined identity and culture in the Hellenistic cities closest I have found is Kosmin's Land of the Elephant Kings Also when discussing Crassus's head being used as a prop in The Bacchae Sampson says the Parthians and Armenians had absorbed some Hellenistic culture well yes but again how much and what did that mean Whose heirs did they think they were They must have been Greek speaking or at least bilingual I know we don't know the answers to a lot of this but the uestions should at least be raised rather than conventionally ignored