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Read & Download ¼ 1453: The Holy War for Constantinople and the Clash of Islam and the West ñ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ↠ In the spring of 1453 the Ottoman Turks advanced on Constantinople in pursuit of an ancient Islamic dream capturing the thousand yRs outnumbered ten to one confronted the might of the Ottoman army in a bitter contest fought on land sea and underground and directed by two remarkable men Sultan Mehmet II and the Emperor Constantine XI In the fevered religious atmosphe. EXCELLENT A Review of the Audiobook Unabridged Audio Edition Published in 2016 by Hachette Audio and Blackstone AudioRead by Simon PrebbleDuration 10 Hours 56 MinutesWhen Rome was at its height it split itself in half and created a second capital for the eastern half in Constantinople modern day Istanbul The eastern half survived the official Fall of Rome in 476 AD and continued on for nearly 1000 years until it succumbed to the Ottoman Turks in 1453 It was the seat of the Orthodox Christian Church and oftentimes stood as the bulwark against Muslim military advances into Eastern EuropeFrom the time of the first formal attack against Constantinople in 674 AD until it finally fell in 1453 the capture of this city was at the least on every Muslim leader in this region's to do list if not an active goalOnce the Ottoman Turks arrive on the scene the Byzantine Empire is clearly on its last legs The city is still defended by one of the most elaborate set of walls ever built and its history and architecture are truly amazing But its glory days are long gone The city has sold a lot of its treasures to defend itself Its territorial holdings at one point included a majority of the territory of the Roman Empire By 14523 it only held a part of modern Greece and the territory immediately around the walled cityThe Ottomans in contrast were an Empire on the rise and they understood that the capture of Constantinople offered great strategic economic and symbolic value This is a book that could have truly been horrible We've all had that professor or teacher or book that takes the most exciting parts of history and drains all of the joy from the learning experience and leaves behind a dry lifeless exercise in tedium This book had all of the hallmarks of that experience 1 Medieval battle Check2 The Byzantine Empire whose very name is literally synonymous in English with being unnecessarily complicated Check3 Multiple religious traditions that most American readers know little about Check Islam and check Orthodox ChristianityHowever Roger Crowley's history is almost always highly entertaining and informative He paints vivid word pictures of the battles and they come off much like the epic struggles depicted in a Tolkien novel than the a dry recitation of facts He introduces new historical figures and makes them feel like real peopleConstantine XI the Byzantine Emperor comes to life as an Read at

Download ç PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Ä Roger Crowley

In the spring of 1453 the Ottoman Turks advanced on Constantinople in pursuit of an ancient Islamic dream capturing the thousand year old capital of Christian ByzantiumDuring the siege that followed a small band of badly organised defende. An eminently readable and detailed account of the May 1453 Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire I enjoyed this account and learned a lot Background to the conflict was presented then the personalities of the two protagonists Constantine XI aged 49 and Mehmet II a young man of 21 We are taken through the conflict point by point There are many uotes from accounts of that period The Ottomans have swallowed up most of the Byzantine Empire already; and Mehmet thinks of himself as a new Alexander Instead of heading east he turns his thoughts to the west Constantinople being a convenient launching pad to any further conuests We see preparations for a protracted siege Mehmet's army is the first professionally paid army since that of the classical Romans Byzantines along with Venetian and Genoese enclaves prepare for defense Mehmet finds two weak spots in the fortifications and by concentrating on them after many days successfully besieges the city The strong many layered fortification and water on many sides fail to protect the city Mehmet uses the classic siege techniues a fleet blockade and most successfully artillery bombardment with giant cannons Siege towers a sophisticated version of the old Roman viniae fail as well as tunneling under the walls The author considers this continued bombardment of the walls the world's first concerted artillery bombardment Mehmet's soldiers portaging their fleet overland since the Golden Horn had been blocked with a boom was absolutely incredible Ancient Greeks had already dragged their ships overland at the diolkos the Isthmus of Corinth from Ionian to Aegean Sea or vice versa As of the present modern Greece has built a canal You have to admire Constantine for refusing to desert his people when he had a chance to escape and for fighting alongside them although he knew the fight was probably hopeless Since reading this I have read a fascinating nonfiction biography of Constantine XI The Immortal Emperor The Life and Legend of Constantine Palaiologos Last Emperor of the Romans Attention is given to the superstition 'portents' and 'prophecies' of the Byzantines They interpret as bad omens a partial eclipse St Elmo's fire on one of the churches and a thick fog rushing in; they feel that these are signs that God has abandoned them The author conjectures that an island in the Pacific had blown itself up earlier in the year; the bad weather is fallout The author calls this the Krakatoa of the Middle Ages After the defeat we read about Mehmet's legacy and of subseuent events The maps of the area and of Constantinople 1453 were very useful and helped me visualizeHighly recommended

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1453 The Holy War for Constantinople and the Clash of Islam and the WestRe heightened by the first massed use of artillery bombardment both sides feared that the end of the world was nighThe outcome of the siege decided in a few short hours on 29 May 1453 is one of the great set piece moments of world history. good account fast and gripping; entertaining enough and offering a good mixture of familiar and new